1795 - Wold Newton meteor strike: Eighteen individuals "were riding in two coaches past Wold Newton, Yorkshire.... A meteorite struck only twenty yards from the two coaches.... The bright light and heat and thunderous roar of the meteorite blinded and terrorized the passengers, coachmen, and horses.... They never guessed, being ignorant of ionization, that the fallen star had affected them and their unborn." Tarzan Alive, Addendum 2, pp. 247-248. The meteor strike was "the single cause of this nova of genetic splendor, this outburst of great detectives, scientists, and explorers of exotic worlds, this last efflorescence of true heroes in an otherwise degenerate age." Id., pp.230-231.         Artwork by Lisa EckertTHE WOLD NEWTON UNIVERSE



(1911 - 1925)

by Win Scott Eckert

Search The Wold Newton Universe



AN OVERVIEW OF KEY EVENTS IN THE WOLD NEWTON UNIVERSE APPEARS IN BLACK TEXT - not intended as an all-inclusive history - for complete information refer to:

1911 - Denis Nayland Smith and Dr. Petrie first cross paths with Dr. Fu Manchu (Petrie and Rohmer's The Insidious Dr. Fu Manchu). Nayland Smith is the nephew of Sherlock Holmes(The complete series by Sax Rohmer, unless otherwise noted, is: The Insidious Dr. Fu Manchu, The Return of Dr. Fu Manchu, The Hand of Fu Manchu, Ten Years Beyond Baker Street (by Cay Van Ash), The Fires of Fu Manchu (by Cay Van Ash), The Daughter of Fu Manchu, The Mask of Fu Manchu, The Bride of Fu Manchu, The Trail of Fu Manchu, The Drums of Fu Manchu, The Island of Fu Manchu, The Shadow of Fu Manchu, Re-Enter Fu Manchu, Emperor Fu Manchu, and The Wrath of Fu Manchu. Click here for The Fu Manchu Chronology).

1911 - First appearance of G.K. Chesterton's Father Brown in The Innocence of Father Brown.

1911 - The affair of Bram Stoker's The Lair of the White Worm.

1911 - Jimmie Dale goes into action as the Gray Seal, in exploits related by Frank L. Packard (click here for more information on Dale's genealogy). The Jimmie Dale novels are: The Adventures of Jimmie Dale (1917), The Further Adventures of Jimmie Dale (1919), Jimmie Dale and the Phantom Clue (1922), Jimmie Dale and the Blue Envelope Murder (1930), and Jimmie Dale and the Missing Hour (1935).

June 1911 - Birth of Charlotte Clayton, daughter of Tarzan and Jane (see The Man-Eater by Edgar Rice Burroughs and click here for more information).

1911 - John Thunstone is born.

January 1912 - Tarzan receives an immortality treatment from an ancient witch doctor.


Spring 1912


Holmes and Watson meet the famous overweight schoolboy, Billy Bunter, and his school companions Bob Cherry, Hurree Jamset Ram Singh, an others, at the Greyfriars School.

This novel is by Watson, edited by Val Andrews, Breese Books, 1997. Billy Bunter is the most famous character in the Boy's School genre, The stories were written under the pen name of Frank Richards and they appeared in the Magnet magazine from 1910 to 1940.


April 1912


Indy meets Sir Arthur Conan Doyle aboard the ill-fated Titanic.

An original young adult novel by Les Martin published by Random House, 1993. Tarzan met Dr. John Watson's literary editor, Conan Doyle, in 1909. Of course, both Indy and Conan Doyle survived the tragedy.


April 10-14, 1912 - Aboard the Titanic, Jacques Futrelle, chronicler of the cases of Professor Augustus S.F.X. Van Dusen (aka "the Thinking Machine") and Futrelle's wife May, investigate a series of murders. Unfortunately, Futrelle does not survive the Titanic tragedy, although May does (The Titanic Murders, as related by Max Allan Collins).

1912 - The first case of scientific detective Craig Kennedy, The Silent Bullet, as told by Arthur B. Reeve.

1912 - José Muñoz Escamez's La Ciudad de los Suicidas (The City of the Suicides).

1912 - Nancy Drew, daughter of Carson Drew, is born.

May 20, 1912 - Birth of Tarzan's and Jane's biological son, John Paul Clayton.

September 1912 - Tarzan and Jane adopt Tarzan's second cousin, the orphaned John "Korak" Drummond. John is the younger brother of Hugh "Bulldog" Drummond.

Early 1913 - Tarzan and Sheeta the Leopard have an adventure on Mount Kilimanjaro: "The Adventure of the Very Sick Circus Horse" (Tarzan: The Dark Heart of Time; The Snows of Kilimanjaro).

1913 - Birth of Creighton Holmes (probable son of Raffles Holmes).

1913 -John Kirowan's first recorded adventure, Dermod's Bane, as recounted by Robert E. Howard.




Adventurer John Gorman meets two powerful women, the White Tigress and the Old Hag.

Written by Marc A. Cerasini and Charles Hoffman, in Risque Stories number 5 (March 1987). The Old Hag is better known to readers of James Clavell’s Asian Saga as Tess "Hag" Struan (1825-1917), matriarch of Struan and Company, the most powerful trading company in Hong Kong. Thus, Clavell's Asian Saga, which is already part of the Newtonverse through a reference in the Star Trek novel Ishmael, provides the link to bring in John Gorman. The White Tigress, a criminal adventurer, would later cause problems for Robert E. Howard’s Sailor Steve Costigan. While, until now, there has not been a formal connection to Sailor Steve Costigan, we may safely assume that most, if not all, of Robert E. Howard's works are part of the Wold Newton Universe. Please read Rick Lai's The Saga of John Gorman. For more information on Costigan, see Matthew Baugh's Agent in the Shadows: The Life and Career of Cliff Marsland.


May - November 1913


It is stated that a baffled hotel proprietor would have consulted Sherlock Holmes, had he heard of Holmes, in order to solve a mystery.

Evidence that Edgar Rice Burroughs knew that Holmes and Tarzan lived in the same world.


1913 - Miss Mina Murray reforms The League of Extraordinary Gentlemen and, in the caves beneath Paris' famed Opera House, they fight their French counterparts, Les Hommes Mysterieux (aeronaut Jean Robur, the Nyctalope, Arsène Lupin, Fantômas, and others). (As told by Alan Moore and Kevin O'Neill in The New Traveller's Almanac, Chapter Two: Europe in The League of Extraordinary Gentlemen II.)


November 1913 - January 1914


Tarzan returns to Opar.

Tarzan's further adventures in Opar by Edgar Rice Burroughs, this novel also relates back to Hadon's adventures in Opar 12,000 years ago. Date is derived from Farmer's chronology in Tarzan Alive.


Fu Manchu vs. Holmes

January - April 1914


Sherlock Holmes versus Fu Manchu. Denis Nayland Smith, Dr. Petrie, and Dr. John Watson are also featured.

Novel by Dr. Petrie, edited by Cay Van Ash, Perennial Library, 1988.





1914 - Birth of Patricia Savage, Doc Savage's cousin.

1914 - Berry Pleydell's first recorded adventure, The Brother of Daphne, as told by Dornford Yates.

May 26, 1914 - John "Korak" Drummond-Clayton marries Meriem (Jeanne Jacot) following events of The Son of Tarzan. Meriem's parents are General Armand Jacot and Suzanne Fogg. Suzanne Fogg is the daughter of Phileas Fogg.

May-June 1914 - The events of The Mad King, Part I, as told by Edgar Rice Burroughs.

June-July 1914 - Brother and sister Barney and Victoria Custer of Beatrice, Nebraska, visit the Greystokes in Kenya, as related by Edgar Rice Burroughs in The Eternal Lover (aka The Eternal Savage).

July 1914 - Mrs. Clayton and daughter Charlotte visit Virginia Scott and her mother, as told by Edgar Rice Burroughs in The Man-Eater (click here for more information).

July-August 1914 - Barney Custer's continued adventure in Lutha, as told in The Mad King, Part II by Edgar Rice Burroughs.

1914-1918 - The aerial combat adventures of G-8 and His Battle Aces. G-8 is the full brother of Kent Allard (The Shadow) and half-brother of Richard Wentworth (The Spider).

1914-1918 - Rittmeister Hans von Hammer, the deadliest German pilot of World War I, called the "Enemy Ace," guides his Fokker Dr.1 to more than seventy kills during the course of the Great War.




Casca fights with British forces in World War I. He is captured by the Germans and meets Manfred von Richthofen and another German air ace, Max Immelmann.

Novel by Barry Sadler. Holmes and Watson also met von Richthofen.


1914 - Raffles Holmes succumbs to drug abuse. (As noted in A Monstrous Regiment of Women by Mary Russell Holmes, edited by Laurie R. King. It should also be noted that Mary Russell Holmes and her able editor are definitely not referring to either of Holmes' twin sons, Nero Wolfe and Marko Vukcic, with this statement, as Mrs. Russell Holmes is in denial that Wolfe and Vukcic are the children of Holmes and Irene Adler. See the RUSS-L FAQ for more information. Unless a fourth child comes to light, the "lovely, lost son" to which she refers is most likely Raffles Holmes.)

1914 - The events of C.S. Forester's The African Queen.

August 1914 - Holmes runs the German spy Von Bork to ground in His Last Bow.


December 1914 - January 1, 1915


In which Holmes and Watson embark on a mission behind enemy lines and again encounter Nina Vassilievna, as well as Luetenant Manfred von Richthofen.

By Watson, ed. by Austin Mitchelson and Nicholas Utechin. The reports of the death of the German spy Von Bork must be highly exaggerated, given his appearance in The Adventure of the Peerless Peer. Casca, the Eternal Mercenary, also met von Richthofen.


1915 - Richard Hannay's first adventure, The Thirty-Nine Steps, as told by Hannay and writer John Buchan. Hannay's further exploits were recorded in Greenmantle (1916), Mr. Standfast (1919), The Three Hostages (1924), and The Island of Sheep (The Man from Norlands in the U.S. - 1936).

1915 - Birth of Kit Walker, the 20th Phantom.

1915 - Birth of Ikano Kato.

April 1915 - The first meeting of Sherlock Holmes and Mary Russell, as related in The Beekeeper’s Apprentice, by Mary Russell Holmes, edited by Laurie R. King.

April-May 1915 - The events of The Lusitania Murders, as related by "S.S. Van Dine" (Willard Huntington Wright) and edited by Max Allan Collins. Van Dine teams with Pinkerton detective Philomina Vance, who perhaps is the sister of Philo Vance, whose murder cases Van Dine would chronicle in ensuing years.


Spring 1915


French investigator Gaston Max foils the schemes of The Golden Scorpion, a henchman of Fu Manchu, who makes an unnamed appearance during the case.

The novel by Sax Rohmer places Gaston Max in the Newtonverse.


May 1915


Nero Wolfe, son of Sherlock HolmesAuguste Lupa (later to be known by the name Nero Wolfe) is established as Sherlock Holmes' son. Dr. Watson is also featured. This novel also reveals that Sherlock's brother Mycroft Holmes was the first "M," and, as such, was the predecessor of Admiral Sir Miles Messervy, who was the head of the British Secret Service M.I.6 and was James Bond's chief from the 1950s until his replacement in 1995.

This novel by John T. Lescroart firmly establishes that Sherlock Holmes, Nero Wolfe and James Bond are all part of the Wold Newton Universe. The publisher is Donald I. Fine, Inc., 1986.






1916-1918 - Kent Allard, the man who will become The Shadow, is using the name Colonel Kentov (also known as The Black Eagle), and is a great World War I aviator and spy in the service of the Czar.


February-June 1916


Featured characters are Sherlock Holmes, Dr. Watson, the German spy Von Bork, Tarzan, The Shadow (Colonel Kentov), Mycroft Holmes, Dr. Gideon Fell, Henry Merrivale, and G-8 (Wentworth). Leftenant John "Korak" Drummond and Lord John Roxton are mentioned. Tarzan, Holmes, and Watson locate the lost land of Zu-Vendis, last visited by Allan Quatermain, Sir Henry Curtis, Captain John Good, and the Zulu warrior Umslopogaas. Watson brings Nylepthah, the granddaughter of both Curtis and Good, back to England and marries her.

Written by Farmer, hardback published by Aspen Press, 1974; paperback (below) by Dell, 1976. Most characters are referred to by name; The Shadow and G-8 are not. Allan Quatermain is the protagonist of H. Rider Haggard's novels King Solomon's Mines, Allan Quatermain and She and Allan. G-8 is a another great pulp hero, a World War I aviator and spy. For more information on The Shadow, see The Shadow Scrapbook, by Walter B. Gibson, HBJ, 1979, and The Duende History of the Shadow Magazine, by Will Murray (author of the new Doc Savage novels), Odyssey Publications, 1980. Peerless Peer also brings in Carter Dickson's (pseudonym for John Dickson Carr) detective Sir Henry Merrivale, as well as his detective Dr. Gideon Fell. For a wonderful explanation as to how Farmer's alternate version of this story, The Adventure of the Three Madmen, can also occur within the same continuity, please read David Vincent Jr.'s excellent Jungle Brothers, or, Secrets of the Jungle Lords.

Tarzan & HolmesHolmes & Tarzan


February 1916

PRINCETON, FEBRUARY 1916: Race to Danger

Young Indiana Jones is living in Princeton, New Jersey with his father and meets Thomas Edison.

Television episode of The Young Indiana Jones Chronicles and its young adult novelization. Tarzan met Edison back in 1909.


May 1916


Indiana Jones meets Winston Churchill.

Another episode of the television program The Young Indiana Jones Chronicles. Sherlock Holmes knew Churchill (see The Earthquake Machine), further cementing Jones' place in the Wold Newton Universe.


1916 - Kal-El is born on the planet Krypton.

1916-1917 - The events of Burroughs' Caspak trilogy: The Land That Time Forgot, The People That Time Forgot, and Out of Time's Abyss.

July 1916 - Hercule Poirot's first recorded case, The Mysterious Affair at Styles, by Agatha Christie.


October 1916 - January 1917


Featured are Auguste Lupa (Nero Wolfe), Sherlock Holmes and Dr. Watson. Rasputin is revealed to have been the son of the first Professor James Moriarty.

John T. Lescroart's sequel to his Son of Holmes, published by Donald I. Fine, Inc., 1987. Establishes Rasputin as a member of the Wold Newton family through his relationship with Moriarty.


December 2, 1916 - Birth of Titus Crow in London.


December 1916


Immortal Duncan MacLeod is sent on a mission by Lawrence of Arabia.

A Highlander novel. Indiana Jones knew Lawrence of Arabia, thus placing Highlander in the Wold Newton Universe.


1917 - Krypton blows up and Kal-El is sent to Earth in warp capsule. He is discovered and adopted by the Kents, who name him Clark Kent and keep his alien origins a secret.


March-April 1917


Watson's literary agent, Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, undertakes a critical espionage mission during the Great War.  During the course of his adventure, he meets an agent-for-hire called "The Hairless Mexican."

A tale told by Arthur Conan Doyle, as communicated to Robert Saffron. The Hairless Mexican is from Somerset Maugham's Ashenden, or The British Agent.


1917 - Birth of Bruce Wayne.

April 5, 1917 - Birth of Robert Blake, whose exploits were recorded by H.P. Lovecraft. Blake's grandmother is Jill Fagin, whose great great grandfather was Fagin from Oliver Twist. Blake was also a great nephew of Phileas Fogg.


May 1917


Indiana Jones again meets Pablo Picasso.

Television episode of The Young Indiana Jones Chronicles.


July 9, 1917 - Steve Rogers, the future Captain America, is born.

1917 - Birth of --- Watson, son of Dr. John Watson and Nylepthah (The Peerless Peer).




G-8 meets and works with a fellow flyer, the Red Falcon.

Story in Daredevil Aces, January 1935, by Robert J. Hogan. The Red Falcon, an air ace, also appeared twice in G-8 and his Battle Aces.


1917-1918 - Dr. Clark Savage, Sr., and Hareton Ironcastle mount a second expedition to The Lost World discovered by Professor Challenger and Lord John Roxton.


January 1918


Indy encounters the vampire called Vlad the Impaler, otherwise known as Count Dracula, and apparently kills him.

Television episode of The Young Indiana Jones Chronicles. Zorro, Sherlock Holmes, and other Wold Newtonites also had encounters with Dracula, many of whom were also under the mi-stake-n impression that the Lord of the Vampires was dead at the conclusion of their encounters. Please read Chuck Loridans' full account of the history of Count Dracula in the Newtonverse, Children of the Night, for his theories on the real identity of this Count Dracula.


1918 - Birth of Paul Janus "Kickaha" Finnegan. Additionally, Wold Newton researcher Christopher Carey was able to contact Mr. Farmer regarding a discrepancy concerning the Kickaha genealogy.  In Doc Savage: His Apocalyptic Life, Mr. Farmer shows that Phileas Fogg is Kickaha's great-uncle. In The Lavalite World, he states that Phileas Fogg is Kickaha's great-grandfather. Mr. Farmer has resolved the discrepancy by saying that the genealogy given in Doc Savage: His Apocalyptic Life is the correct one.


March 31-July 1918 Doc Savage


Clark "Doc" Savage, Jr., meets his friends and associates Ham Brooks, Monk Mayfair, Renny Renwick, Long Tom Roberts and Johnny Littlejohn in the German prison camp Loki. There is mention of a "worm unknown to science," which can be demonstrated to be a direct link to the Cthulhu Mythos. Doc's tutor in mountain climbing, yoga, and self-defense, Dekka Lan Shan, is the grandfather of Pete the Brazen. A character named Benedict Murdstone also appears. Savage & Co. meet Abraham Cohen, who would go on to membership in Jimmie Cordies' band of mercenaries, and an Allied prisoner named O'Brien, a soldier of Irish extraction. It is also mentioned that Doc Savage was trained by an aborigine, Writjitandel of the Wantella tribe. And Doc's Persian Sufi tutor is named Hajji Abdu el-Yezdi.

Novel by Philip José Farmer, Bantam Books, 1991. The "worm unknown to science" was first referred to in Watson's / Doyle's The Problem of Thor Bridge, and was followed-up on in Harry Manders' Raffles tale (edited by Philip José Farmer), The Problem of the Sore Bridge - Among Others. Peter the Brazen, aka Peter Moore, was an adventurer in stories written by George Worts. Murdstone is related to the family which appears in Charles Dickens’ David Copperfield. The Jimmie Cordie adventures by William Wirt are a series of 21 stories about a group of mercenaries in the Far East after the Great War. Noted Wold Newton scholar Rick Lai writes: "O'Brien is probably Jem O'Brien, ex-jockey, ex-convict, decorated soldier in the American army during World War I, and special assistant to the Scarlet Fox.  Created by Eustace Hale Ball, the Scarlet Fox was a pulp hero who appeared in seven stories in Black Mask  during 1923-24.  The first six stories were published as a novel, The Scarlet Fox, in 1927."

In Arthur Upfield's novel about the Australian detective, Inspector Napoleon"Bony" Bonaparte, No Footprints in the Bush (1940), a major character is Writjitandil (Farmer changed an "i" to an "e") of the Wantella tribe. Rick Lai writes again: "In an introduction to an edition of an Upfield novel which does not feature Bonaparte, The House of Cain (Dennis McMillan, 1983), Philip José Farmer speculated that Bonaparte was the illegitimate son of E. W. Hornung's A.J. Raffles.  In Upfield's novels,  Bonaparte is illegitimate son of an unnamed white man and an aborigine woman.  Upfield's early novels suggest that Bonaparte was born in the late 1880s. Raffles was in Australia about that time according to Hornung's 'Le Premier Pas.'" For more on Bony Bonaparte, please read Brad Mengel's The Incredible Raffles Clan.

Chris Carey points out that "Sir Richard Francis Burton (the real-life protagonist of Farmer's Riverworld series) wrote a curious book entitled The Kasîdah of Hâjî Abdû El-Yezdî. At the time the volume was first published, Burton claimed to be merely the translator of the wise Sufi's work. However, the truth finally came out that Burton wrote it. While Haji Abdu El-Yezdi may be a fictional character in our world, we may only assume that he existed in flesh and blood in Farmer's Wold Newton universe."

There are three masterful articles on this topic by Christopher Carey: Farmer's Escape from Loki: A Closer Look; Loki in the Sunlight; and The Green Eyes Have It - Or Are They Blue? or Another Case of Identity Recased. Regarding Mr. Carey's proposition in the latter article that Captain Nemo, Professor Moriarty, Wolf Larsen, Baron Karl von Hessel (Escape From Loki), Baron Karl (Fortress of Solitude), and Dr. Karl Linningen (Up From Earth's Center) are all the same person, the evidence he gathers is vast. However, Moriarty's career beyond Reichenbach is well-documented, and argues against him being the same person as Wolf Larsen. (Interestingly, Wold Newton investigator Dennis Power independently discovered the Moriarty-Larsen connection and proposed that it is a father-son relationship.) Nevertheless, there is nothing to argue against Wolf Larsen being the same person as Baron von Hessel and Baron Karl. In fact, von Hessel, when revealing his age-delaying elixir to Doc, states that he was born in 1858, which is close enough to the hypothesized time-frame for the birth of Larsen to be taken as accurate. That von Hessel is actually Doc's grandfather makes the battle of wills and testing of young Clark in Escape from Loki all the more remarkable.





G-8 calls on the Red Falcon's services at the very end of this adventure. After the Falcon and his aide, the giant African Sika, help out G-8, they fly back to their aerie high in the Vosges mountains.

G-8 and His Battle Aces, March 1937, by Robert J. Hogan; reprinted in G-8 number 7, Berkley Books, 1965.



G-8 again works with the ace, the Red Falcon, for the third time.

G-8 and his Battle Aces, June 1940, by Robert J. Hogan.




G-8 and the Red Falcon team up for the final time.

A story published in April 1944.


October 1918 - Just as his brother, Kent Allard, has been known by many different names (The Shadow, the Black Eagle, Kentov, etc.), so has the aviator and spy known as G-8, who has been going by the name Jim "Red" Albright. Near the end of the Great War, and shortly after the time of G-8's last recorded exploit, G-8 returns from a mission at the stroke of midnight and acquires the name "Captain Midnight."

September-November 1918 - Savage, Jr., meets his cousin, Lieutenant John "Korak" Drummond-Clayton, while flying during the Argonne operation.

Mid October 1918


Tarzan recalls his adventure with Sheeta the Leopard on Mount Kilimanjaro, and how the leopard's frozen carcass remains at the summit of Kilimanjaro. A old white trader named Horn is also mentioned.

Places Ernest Hemingway's short story, The Snows of Kilimanjaro, in the Wold Newton Universe. Alfred Aloysius "Trader" Horn was an African explorer and adventurer.







December 1918-May 1919


The "younger son of a Duke" mentioned as one of Holmes' associates is a reference to Lord Peter Wimsey. The arch-villain, Patricia Donleavy, aka Urania Moriarty, daughter of the first Professor Moriarty, is killed at the end of this case.

Autobiographical account by Mary Russell Holmes, edited by Laurie R. King. The events of O Jerusalem occur during December-January of this time period.


1919 - First recorded adventure of Captain Hugh "Bulldog" Drummond by H.C. "Sapper" McNeile (Bulldog Drummond). Later novels by Gerard Fairlie. Drummond's arch-enemy is the evil Carl Peterson.

April 1919 - Nine months after Doc Savage's escape from the prison camp Loki, a child is born to Lily Bugov, the Countess Idivzhopu. The child is raised as the son of Baron Karl von Hessel (Doc's grandfather, who will go by the moniker Baron Karl by the time of Fortress of Solitude). However, given young Clark Savage's intimate encounter with the Countess Idivzhopu in July 1918, there can be little doubt as to the true parentage of this child, who will grow up to menace the world, not to mention his own hated father, as "John Sunlight."

Wold Newton researcher Christopher Carey, in his article Loki in the Sunlight, gathers and documents an incredible amount of evidence about the Countess, von Hessel, and Doc's arch-enemy "John Sunlight." Virtually the only piece of Mr. Carey's article with which I disagree is his conclusion that John Sunlight is either Lily Bugov posing as a man, or that she underwent a sex-change operation to become Sunlight. Mr. Carey evocatively points out both Bugov's and Sunlight's unusually long fingers. Keeping in mind all the physical similarities between Bugov and Sunlight that Mr. Carey documents, as well as the behavioral differences, I am lead to a different conclusion. I believe Sunlight is Lily Bugov's son.

However, if Sunlight were born in April of 1919, he would be only eighteen years old in August of 1937 (Fortress of Solitude). This could pose a problem, in terms of his believability as a villain. On the other hand, Baron von Hessel/Baron Karl has been mentoring him in the ways of evil for those eighteen years. And Doc made a believable hero at age sixteen, just as many other Wold Newtonites started their careers early in life. There is a statement that, "He was not a young man...," but I believe this to be blatant misdirection on Lester Dent's part, in order to help Doc conceal the terrible secret of Sunlight's parentage. In short, Sunlight's age is not an insurmountable issue. (It is interesting to note that, based on textual evidence in Fortress of Solitude, Sunlight escaped from the Siberian gulag at approximately age sixteen or seventeen -- the same age at which his father escaped from a similar inescapable prison camp.)

Further, I do not believe that Farmer would have noted the sexual encounter between Clark and Lily without reason. Sunlight, like Doc, emits a strange sound in times of excitement or stress, although Sunlight's takes the form of a low, evil growl, rather than Doc's cool, exotic trilling. Sunlight's inhuman strength, derived from unspecified sources, and his incredible stamina and will power, a result of his magnificent brain, are extensively described in Fortress of Solitude. The derivation of Sunlight's formidable intelligence is easily understood once it is revealed that he is of the Moriarty lineage, as well as that of the Savages-Claytons. In my estimation, the physical similarities between Countess Idivzhopu and Sunlight, coupled with Sunlight's Savage-like strength, vocal habits, and brain power, undoubtedly point to a familial relationship, one made possible by Doc's indiscretion with the Countess.

1919 - Birth of future Justice Inc. agent Nellie Gray, the daughter of Tarzan and Jane (click here for more information).

1919 - Birth of Eel O'Brian.

May 1919 - Dr. Lyndon Parker meets Solar Pons and agrees to share rooms at 7B Praed Street.


May 1919


Indiana Jones is working as a translator with the American delegation at the peace talks in Paris, where he again encounters Lawrence of Arabia.

Television episode of The Young Indiana Jones Chronicles. Immortal Duncan MacLeod met Lawrence of Arabia in 1916.


1919 - Events of the film The Son of Frankenstein (read Mark Brown's article and Chuck Loridans' article for complete information).

1919 - The Hands of Orlac (Les Mains d'Orlac), by Maurice Renard, in which a scientist replaces Orlac's hands with those of a killer.




Hans Stark, a German teenager too young to have fought in the Great War, builds a technologically-advanced airplane/submarine and uses it to adventure around the world. The source of the technology is mysterious, but ultimately derives from Captain Mors' spaceship. 

Victoriana expert Jess Nevins notes that this crossover appeared in "Hans Stark, the Flying Devil number one, 1919. Issue number one contains more-or-less explicit hints that Mors was the creator of the technology which Stark uses to build his ship." Since Captain Mors is in the Wold Newton Universe, so too is young inventor Hans Stark.


1920 - Birth of Namor, the Sub-Mariner. Namor is the child of the Queen of a race of undersea dwellers living in the Antarctic, under the ice floes covering the South Pole, and of Commander Leonard McKenzie, leader of an American scientific expedition. It is possible that the undersea Sub-Mariners are the last dying and mutated descendants of survivors sunken Atlantis.

1920 - The events of Beau Geste, as told by Percival Christopher Wren.


Spring 1920


Indy is in Chicago attending college, where he meets Eliot Ness.

Young Indy television movie. Ness would later meet hard-boiled detective Nate Heller in the 1930s.


May 1920


Immortal Duncan MacLeod waives hello to Pablo Picasso, stating that they are acquaintances.

Episode of the Highlander television series. Indiana Jones and Tarzan have also both met Picasso, thus confirming the place of Highlander in the Wold Newton Universe.


1920 - Detective Ellery Queen's first case, The Roman Hat Mystery, written by Ellery Queen.




Chronicles explorer Hareton Ironcastle's expedition to Africa. The Baltimore Gun  Club appears; this club was also connected to some interesting events in 1865. Phileas Fogg is mentioned, as is the Diogenes Club, Mycroft Holmes' club in London. Ironcastle is apparently related to the eminent Baltimore scientist, Professor Porter. There is also a reference to Ironcastle's previous expedition jointly headed by Dr. Savage, a famous surgeon and explorer, which was to the Lost World first discovered by Professor Challenger. This second Lost World expedition took place in 1917, which would make the Dr. Savage referred to not Doc Savage, but his father. Finally, Ironcastle mentions that he was once in Gabon with famed explorer Joseph Jorkens.

Novel by J.H. Rosny, translated, retold and embellished by Philip José Farmer, DAW Books, 1976. Ties together Wold Newton family members Fogg, Holmes, Tarzan, Savage and Challenger. The Baltimore Gun Club is from Verne's From the Earth to the Moon. The late Professor Porter is, of course, the father of Jane, who married Tarzan and settled in Africa in 1910. Lord Dunsany's Joseph Jorkens is also a Wold Newton family member.


November 11, 1920 - Birth of James Bond in Wattenscheid, to Andrew Bond and Monique Delacroix. Bond is a descendant of Brigadier Gerard on his mother's side.

December 1920-February 1921 - Holmes and Russell solve the case of A Monstrous Regiment of Women, as told by by Mary Russell Holmes, edited by Laurie R. King. Sherlock Holmes and Mary Russell marry in the Spring of 1921.

1921 - The Picaroon, Martin Dale, brother of Jimmie Dale, goes to work as a modern Robin Hood in New York City. His exploits were told by Herman Landon (click here for more information).

May 7, 1921 - Birth of John Armand Drummond-Clayton, son of Korak and Meriem, grandson of Tarzan.

1921 - Lord Peter Wimsey, the second son of the Duke of Denver, solves his first case, The Vindictive Story of the Footsteps That Ran, as told by Dorothy Sayers. Lord Peter's first published case was Whose Body? (1923).


Summer 1921


Carnacki, the notable psychic investigator, refers a case to Solar Pons.

Thomas Carnacki, the "ghost finder," is one of the earliest occult detectives, and was created by William Hope Hodgson. This story is by Dr. Lyndon Parker, and edited by August Derleth, published in The Casebook of Solar Pons (book 4), Pinnacle Books.


1921 - The events of the film The Ghost of Frankenstein (please read Mark Brown's article and Chuck Loridans' article for complete information).

1921 - Sir Joseph Whemple (son of the Whemple seen in Kim Newman's Seven Stars) and his assistant find Imhotep's tomb (The Mummy).

1921 - The case of The Three Hostages by John Buchan, wherein Sir Richard Hannay defeats the plans of Dominick Medina and his mother, the "Blind Spinner." Medina, the son of the second, and late, Professor Moriarty, is killed at the end of this adventure.


August 1921


Harry Houdini and his Pinkerton bodyguard, Phil Beaumont, apply their skills to a locked-room murder mystery. Sir Arthur Conan Doyle also appears, but does not have much of a role in solving the mystery.

Novel written by Walter Satterthwait, St. Martin's, 1995. Houdini also worked with Sherlock Holmes on several occasions.


1921 - More than a decade of research pays off, as Sherlock Holmes perfects his Royal Jelly bee pollen elixir (see The Adventure of the Notorious Canary Trainer). The mixture not only stops the aging process, but actually reverses it somewhat, thus granting Holmes and Watson, as well as their families and descendants (see Nero Wolfe, et al.), new leases on life. Holmes undoubtedly shares the elixir with his brother Mycroft, long-time head of the British Secret Service, thus explaining British agent James Bond's lengthy career.


February 1922


Edwin Winthrop and Catriona Kaye are occult detective partners and lovers, who occasionally do contract work for Charles Beauregard, Sr., who now is in charge of the Diogenes Club. The matinee idol of the title is actor John Barrymore, who is in London to shoot location scenes for a Sherlock Holmes film.

Chapter of Seven Stars by Kim Newman. This version of Edwin Winthrop also appears in Newman's The Big Fish; and an alternate universe version of him exists in the Anno Dracula Universe. Though it is implied that Mycroft Holmes has passed on, of course he has not really died; he has merely gone underground in the wake of his brother's discovery of the anti-aging elixir derived from royal jelly bee pollen.

The action picks up again in May 1942 with Seven Stars Episode Three: The Trouble with Barrymore, available on the Crossover Chronology, Part VIII.




It is revealed that Company Z was set up on the advice of the Three Just Men.

A Company Z novel by J.T. Edson. Company Z is made up of the grandsons of Dusty Fog, the Ysabel Kid and Mark Counter, (Alvin Fog, Mark Scrapton and Rance Smith respectively) and is an extra-legal company of Texas Rangers. The Three Just Men is a reference to The Four Just Men series by Edgar Wallace. Please read Brad Mengel's The Edson Connection for more information.




Sherlock Holmes assists a young and very innocent Miss Jane Marple extricate herself from a spot of trouble.

Short story by Julian Symons, The Great Detectives, Abrams Books, 1981; also in The Further Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, Richard Lancelyn Green, editor, Penguin Books, 1985.


May-June 1922 - The adventure of Jimgrim and the Nine Unknown by Talbot Mundy, which follows the exploits of Jimgrim (James Schuyler Grim), Jeff Ramsden, and Chullunder Ghose.


Summer 1922


Holmes and Harry Houdini again work together. Watson's editor, Conan Doyle, also appears.

Novel by Dr. Watson, edited by Val Andrews, Breese Books, 1995. In this account, Watson places the first meeting between Holmes and Houdini in 1900, as he does in The Pandora Plague; Watson must have been mistaken when, writing up his notes for The Adventure of the Ectoplasmic Man, he placed the first meeting in 1910 .


1922 - Dr. Jack Griffin, the son of John "Jack" Hawley Griffin (the original Invisible Man, seen in H.G. Wells' novel), uses his father's formula to become The Invisible Man. Sequels are The Invisible Man Returns, The Invisible Woman, Invisible Agent, The Invisible Man's Revenge, Abbott and Costello Meet Frankenstein (a cameo appearance), and Abbott And Costello Meet the Invisible Man. For more information, please read Dennis Power's article, The Invisibles.




The Nyctalope flies to Rhea using a spaceship patented by Dr. Cavor.

Dr. Cavor, from H.G. Wells' The First men in the Moon, is a part of the Wold Newton Universe, and thus so is Jean de La Hire's hero, the Nyctalope.  Jean-Marc Lofficier has many details on the Nyctalope here. The Rhea in this story is a natural satellite orbiting the Earth, inhabited by winged creatures, half of whom live on the day side and half of whom live on the night side. The creatures are at war, and the Nyctalope puts a stop to the war. It is possible that Rhea exists in an alternate universe; when the Nyctalope launches his rocket and goes there, he really gets drawn into the alternate universe, much like Carson Napier's trip to Venus/Amtor.

1922 - Dickson McCunn's first adventure, Huntingtower, as related by John Buchan.




Dr. Anton Zarnak sets up shop at 13 China Alley as a guardian of the world against dark forces.

Short story by Lin Carter. Number 13 sits between Chinatown and the River, in the same locale frequented by Robert E. Howard's detective Steve Harrison. Accounts vary as to whether this is in New York City or San Francisco. For more on Zarnak, please see Matthew Baugh's Occult Detectives in the Wold Newton Universe.


October 31, 1922 - Karel (later Carl) Michail Kolchak is born in New York City to Janos and Fanny Kolchak.


November 1922


Lord Peter Wimsey says that he is "ready to tackle Professor Moriarty or Leon Kestrel or any of 'em."

The first Lord Peter novel by Dorothy Sayers. Professor Moriarty is of course from Doyle's and Watson's Sherlock Holmes tales. Jess Nevins notes that "Leon Kestrel, of course, was the 'Master Mummer,' a man whose skill at disguise was unmatched, and one of the most dangerous men in Europe; he even successfully impersonated Sexton Blake for a while, and was one of Blake's recurring Rogues. In context it's clear to me that Wimsey is being serious. It's not one of those 'or those chappies in stories' moments. He's talking about his contemporaries."


1922 - Events of The Scarlet Fox.

Early 1923-Late 1924 - Rick O'Connell and company fights against another mummy named Imhotep (The Mummy, 1999).

1923 - First recorded case of The Continental Op, in Dashiell Hammett's story Arson Plus.


February-November 1923


When a serial killer commits gruesome murders in New York City , and apparently Harry Houdini and Conan Doyle are the next targets, they team up to stop the murderer. Columnist Damon Runyon also plays a role.

Novel by William Hjortsberg, St. Martin's, 1994. These events, of course, don't involve the "real" Houdini and Doyle of "our" universe, but rather the fictional characters Houdini and Doyle of the Wold Newton Universe.


1923 - The events of the film Dracula and its sequel, Dracula's Daughter, which features Countess Marya Zaleska (for further information, see Chuck Loridans' Children of the Night. The remaining adventures of this particular Dracula "soul clone" are told in The House of Frankenstein, House of Dracula, Abbott and Costello Meet Frankenstein, Return of the Wolf Man, The Devil's Brood, and The Devil's Night.




Alvin Fog encounters Wilfred Plan.

A Company Z novel by J.T. Edson. Wilfred Plan is a descendant of Uriah Heep, from Charles Dickens' David Copperfield.


1923 - After crash-landing near the secret city of Shambala, Kent Allard is gifted with an age-delaying elixir used by the inhabitants of that city.


June 1923


Dr. Parker says that London detective Solar Pons indeed resembles the "Sherlock Holmes of Praed Street."

A Solar Pons story by Dr. Lyndon Parker, and edited by August Derleth, published in The Final Adventures of Solar Pons, Mycroft and Moran Books, 1998.


1923 - Birth of occultist Henri-Laurent de Marigny, son of Étienne-Laurent de Marigny.

July-August 1923 - The Rats in the Walls, as told by H.P. Lovecraft.


August-September 1923


A young man named Peter who wears a monocle helps Mary Russell Holmes out of a spot. It is also mentioned that Peter is more than acquainted with Holmes and Russell, and is an occasional visitor to their cottage in Sussex.

It makes sense that Sherlock Holmes and his relative, Lord Peter Wimsey, as fellow detectives, would be well-known to each other, as is demonstrated in this novel by Mary Russell Holmes, edited by Laurie R. King, St. Martin's Press, 1997.


Mid September 1923


Solar Pons and his associate Dr. Lyndon Parker cross paths with the evil Dr. Fu Manchu and his Si-Fan organization.

Short story by August Derleth in The Chronicles of Solar Pons (book 2), Pinnacle Books. This story places Pons and Parker in the Wold Newton Universe.


1924 - Inspector Napoleon "Bony" Bonaparte's first recorded case, The Barrakee Mystery, as told by Arthur W. Upfield. Bonaparte is the son of A.J. Raffles; see Brad Mengel's The Incredible Raffles Clan for more information.

1924-1927 - The events of Luigi Motta's Il tunnel sottomarino (The Undersea Tunnel).

April 1924 - First appearance of George Washington Tubbs II. Tubbs met soldier-of-fortune Captain Easy in 1929, and their adventures were chronicled by Roy Crane (click here for more information).

1924 - J.G. Reeder's first case, as documented by Edgar Wallace in Room 13.

1924 - Events of The Pimpernel and Rosemary, by Baroness Orczy, featuring the adventures of Peter Blakeney, the great-great-grandson of Sir Percy Blakeney (The Scarlet Pimpernel).




Rita Yarborough of Company Z encounters Henry Arthur Milton, The Ringer.

The Ringer is by Edgar Wallace. J.T. Edson suggests that The Ringer was in fact an early member of the "OO" section of the British Secret Service. Story found in More J. T.'s Ladies. Please read Brad Mengel's The Edson Connection for more information.


1925 - Edgar Wallace records the first known adventure of The Ringer in The Gaunt Stranger (U.S. title The Ringer).

1925 - Jules de Grandin's first recorded case, Terror on the Links, by Seabury Quinn.

1925 - The affair of The Abominable Dr. Phibes.


April 1925


Sherlock Holmes crosses paths with H.P. Lovecraft, Frank Belknap Long, and Harry Houdini in this tale.

Novella written by Frank Belknap Long, Jr., and edited by Peter Cannon, found in Cannon's volume The Lovecraft Papers, Guild America Books. Holmes also met Houdini in 1910 and 1922.




Tarzan and Korak travel to the 24th Century to battle invaders from the Moon.

Published by Dark Horse Comics in Tarzan issues 17-20. Tarzan crosses-over with another E.R. Burroughs creation, the Moon Series, which detailed the history of Earth's battle with the Moon Men from the 20th through the 24th century. The future depicted here is that of Earth's counterpart in an parallel universe: see Alternate Universes.




McReady, "a bronze giant of a man," joins an Antarctic expedition as meteorologist and second-in-command. He and the other members of the expedition must fight for their lives when they discover a Thing (from another world).

Novella by John W. Campbell, Jr., most recently published in the collection The Antarktos Cycle, Chaosium, 1999, as The Thing From Another World.  The theory that McReady is Clark Savage, Jr., thinly disguised, was first proposed by Albert Tonik in A Doc Savage Adventure Rediscovered, published in Doc Savage Club Reader number four, 1978. Savage does not have his M.D. yet (according to Farmer, he got his M.D. in 1926); hence, the 1925 date.


1925 - Charlie Chan's first case, The House Without a Key, as related by Earl Derr Biggers.

c. 1925 - Birth of Llana of Gathol, daughter of Tara of Helium and Gahan of Gathol, granddaughter of John Carter and Dejah Thoris.

1925 - Birth of "Shrinking" Violet Holmes, daughter of British spymaster Mycroft Holmes.




Bertie Wooster makes reference to Blandings Castle.

P.G. Wodehouse crosses-over two of his series, The Jeeves and Wooster stories, and the Lord Emsworth/Blandings Castle stories.  This story takes place some time 1921, after Mussolini has come to power, but before Hitler does (therefore, between 1924 and 1933).


October 1925


Séance-buster Harry Houdini becomes involved with Count Dracula, who seeks to contact the spirit of his late beloved Lucy Westenra. Meanwhile, Sherlock Holmes turns down Dr. Abraham van Helsing's plea to help track down a particularly gruesome serial killer in London.

Five-issue comics mini-series by Martin Powell and Seppo Makinen, Eternity Comics, 1991. Please read Chuck Loridans' Children of the Night for the full history of Count Dracula and the Van Helsings in the Wold Newton Universe. Houdini met Holmes, as well as Dr. Watson's literary agent, Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, on several other occasions.


c. Mid 1920s


Sailor Steve Costigan encounters the White Tigress.

Story by Robert E. Howard. The White Tigress had also encountered John Gorman in 1913, thus linking Sailor Steve Costigan into Wold Newton Universe continuity.



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